Paracas Skulls

Fakes, Hoaxes, and Pseudo Archaeology … and now you know

“Alien Skulls? Not even close!” by Carl Feagans (Archaeology Review Blog)
(December 19, 2008)

Artificial Cranial Modification: Head Shaping” by Carl Feagans (Archaeology Review Blog) (May 17, 2009)

“The Case of the Strange Skulls” by Brian Dunning (Skeptoid #144) (March 10, 2009)

“Ancient Elongated Skulls: Alien Remains?” by Dr. Michael S. Heiser (PaleoBabble Blog) (July 19, 2009)

“Deformations and malformations: the history of induced and congenital skull deformity” by Charles J. Prestigiacomo, M.D., and Mark Krieger, M.D. (Neurosurgical Focus Dec 2010 / Vol. 29 / No. 6)

“The sociopolitical history and physiological underpinnings of skull deformation” by
Amit Ayer, B.S.,, Alexander Campbell, M.Phil., Geoffrey Appelboom, M.D., Brian Y. Hwang, B.A., Michael McDowell, B.S., Matthew Piazza, B.A.1, Neil A. Feldstein, M.D., and Richard C. E. Anderson, M.D. (Neurosurgical Focus Dec 2010 / Vol. 29 / No. 6)

“A look at Mayan artificial cranial deformation practices: morphological and cultural aspects” by Samuel Romero-Vargas, M.D., José Luis Ruiz-Sandoval, M.D., Arturo Sotomayor-González, M.D., Rogelio Revuelta-Gutiérrez, M.D., Miguel Angel Celis-López, M.D., Juan Luis Gómez-Amador, M.D., Ulises García-González, M.D., Raul López-Serna, M.D., Victor García-Navarro, M.D., Diego Mendez-Rosito, M.D., Victor Correa-Correa, M.D., and Sergio Gómez-Llata, M.D. (Neurosurgical Focus Dec 2010 / Vol. 29 / No. 6)

“Modern induced skull deformity in adults” by William Gump, M.D. (Neurosurgical Focus Dec 2010 / Vol. 29 / No. 6)

“Paleoneurosurgical aspects of Proto-Bulgarian artificial skull deformations” by Yavor Enchev, M.D., Ph.D., Grigoriy Nedelkov, M.D., Ph.D., Nadezhda Atanassova-Timeva, M.S., and Jordan Jordanov, M.D., Ph.D. (Neurosurgical Focus Dec 2010 / Vol. 29 / No. 6)

“Harvey Cushing’s experience with cranial deformity” by Cormac O. Maher, M.D., Steven R. Buchman, M.D., Edward O’Hara, M.D., and Aaron A. Cohen-Gadol, M.D., M.Sc. (Neurosurgical Focus Dec 2010 / Vol. 29 / No. 6)

“History of the Kleeblattschädel deformity: origin of concepts and evolution of management in the past 50 years” by Sunil Manjila, M.D., Harvey Chim, M.D., Sylvia Eisele, M.D., Shakeel A. Chowdhry, M.D., Arun K. Gosain, M.D., and Alan R. Cohen, M.D. (Neurosurgical Focus Dec 2010 / Vol. 29 / No. 6)

“Cranial bone defects: current and future strategies” by Caroline Szpalski, M.D., Jason Barr, B.A., Meredith Wetterau, M.D., Pierre B. Saadeh, M.D., and Stephen M. Warren, M.D. (Neurosurgical Focus Dec 2010 / Vol. 29 / No. 6)

“The evolution of surgical management for craniosynostosis” by Vivek A. Mehta, B.S., Chetan Bettegowda, M.D., Ph.D., George I. Jallo, M.D., and Edward S. Ahn, M.D. (Neurosurgical Focus Dec 2010 / Vol. 29 / No. 6)

The Peruvian “Alien Skull” by Michael S. Heiser (Michael S. Heiser Blog)
(Nov 23, 2011)

“Not Aliens, Just Humans with Modified Crania” by Katy Meyers Emery (Bones Don’t Lie Blog) (December 22, 2011)

“Coneheads discsussion thread” at (Started on Jan 18, 2014 last entry Jun 21, 2014)

“Foerster, Pye and Ketchum collaborate: Paracas elongated skull exposed!” by idoubtit (Doubtful News Blog) (February 6, 2014)

“The Brien Foerster – Paracas Skull Fiasco UPDATED” by Martin J. Clemens (Martin J. Clemens blog: Where the Weird Things are) (February 6, 2014)

“Coneheads Probably Not Real After All” by S Peter Davis (Occam’s Nightmare Site)
(February 9, 2014)

“Are Paracas Elongated Skulls a New Species, Aliens or a Hoax?” By Mary-Ann Russon (Yahoo news) (Feb 11, 2014)

“Why Pointed Skulls Spawn Alien Theories” by Benjamin Radford (D News) (Feb 11, 2014)

“Calm down, the Paracas skulls are not from alien beings.” By Rachel Chase (Living in Peru) (February 13, 2014)

“The Paracas Skulls – An Object Lesson in Critical Thinking” by The Politicoid (The Politicoid blog) (Feb 14, 2014)

“Paracas Skulls: Aliens, An Unknown Hominid Species Or Cranial Deformation?” by Keith Fitzpatrick Matthews (Bad Archaeology) (February 15, 2014)

“Another Bone to Pick…With Peruvian Nephilim/Alien Hybrids” by Frank Johnson (Ancient Aliens Debunked Blog) (Feb 27, 2014)

“The Paracas Elongated Skulls: More Boneheaded Nephilim Claims” by Dr. Michael S. Heiser (PaleoBabble Blog) (Feb 27, 2014)

“Ancient Humans of Paracas Are Victims of a Twisted Tale” by Dr. Elizabeth Mitchell (Answers in Genesis) (March 6, 2014)

“Are DNA reports the Paracas skulls are not human overblown conjecture?” By Tim O’Neill (Quroa Web Site) (March 2014)

“Our Peru Skull Goes Viral!!!” Mt Blanco Website (April 2014)

“Brien Foerster, Ancient Aliens Steal Peru Museum Artifact” by Monte Aldon (Apparently Apparel blog) (September 17, 2014)

“Elongated Skulls: Not a Mystery” by Dr. Michael S. Heiser (Michael S. Heiser blog) (Dec. 2014)

“Pseudoarchaeology and Elongated Skulls” by Carl Feagans (Archaeology Review Blog) (January 26, 2015)

“DNA Analysis Claims Ancient Elongated Peruvian Skulls Are NOT HUMAN” by Mark Newton (MoviePilot blog) (March 4th, 2015 at 7:00am),manual

“Return of the Red-Headed Cone-Heads: A Review of ‘Elongated Skulls of Peru and Bolivia’ by Brien Foerster” by Jason Colavito (Jason Colavito Blog) (April 7, 2015)

“Parents Have Been Reshaping Their Kids’ Skulls for 45,000 Years” by Marissa Fessenden (Smithsonian.Com) (November 20, 2015)

“Skulls of Indiana Jones: Head-shaping” by Carl Feagans (Archaeology Review Blog)
(January 23, 2016)

“Elongated Skulls (aka, Artificial Cranial Modification): It Has Nothing to do with Nephilim” by Dr. Michael S. Heiser (Michael S. Heiser blog) (April 9, 2016)

“More elongated skull drama.” by Carl Feagans (Archaeology Review Blog)
(July 25, 2016)

“American Conspiracy theorist and pseudoscience proponent may be attempting to circumvent Peruvian authorities to desecrate human remains” by Carl Feagans (Archaeology Review Blog)
(September 5, 2016)

“Genetic mythologies: “Nephilim DNA” from the Paracas skulls” by Jennifer Raff (Violent Metaphors Blog) (September 20, 2016)
Genetic mythologies: “Nephilim DNA” from the Paracas skulls

“We Come From France” by Bethania Palma (Snopes Site) ( January 13, 2017)

The Elongated Skulls Mystery Really isn’t a Mystery at All by Carl Feagans (Archaeology Review Blog) (April 12, 2017)
Artificial cranial deformation (Wikipedia)

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